Penge is one of the few places in London said to have a Celtic name.
The south London commuter hotspot dates back to the year 957 and its pre-Roman denomination is thought to have first meant ‘tree hill’ - when the area was nestled in deep woodland.
Penge is thought to be made up of the historic words for ‘pen’, meaning ‘head’, and ‘cead’, the Welsh for ‘wood’.
Before the railways arrived suburb was a little-known village with a low population, but in later years grew to be a fashionable entertainment district.
Notable past residents include Bill Wyman of The Rolling Stones and former Conservative Prime Minister Andrew Bonar Law.
Most place names in the capital, and in wider England outside Cornwall, are derived from Saxon or Latin languages.
Nearby Beckenham is thought to be named after a Saxon landowner called ‘Beohha’, Bromley is said to mark an open field or clearings, and Downe, which dates back to the more recent 1296, simply means ‘the hill’.
Bromley Council has a full list of the borough’s place names and their origins.